The Twilio Python Helper Library
The twilio-python helper library lets you interact with the Twilio API from your Python application.
This library is open-source, so if you find a feature missing or a bug, we encourage you to file an issue or contribute back to the twilio-python project.
Install the library
Prior to installation, make sure that you are running a compatible version of Python. You can verify your version by running the following in your command line:
twilio-python supports the following versions of Python:
- Python 3.7
- Python 3.8
- Python 3.9
- Python 3.10
- Python 3.11
If you are running on Python 3.6 or older and cannot upgrade, you can install version 7.x of
The primary way to install the library is from PyPi using pip, a package manager for Python. Run this in a terminal from your project directory to install the library:
pip3 install twilio
You can also use
easy_install. Run this in your terminal:
You can download the source code (ZIP) for
twilio-python, and install it by running the following in the directory that contains the downloaded
python3 setup.py install
If the command line gives you an error message that says Permission Denied in the middle of it, try running the above commands with
sudo pip3 install twilio).
Test your installation
Try sending yourself an SMS message. Save the following code sample to your computer with a text editor. Be sure to update the
from_ phone number with values from your Twilio account. The
to phone number can be your own mobile phone.
Save the file as
send_sms.py. In the terminal,
cd to the directory containing the file you just saved then run:
You will receive the text message on your phone.
It's okay to hardcode your credentials when testing locally, but you should use environment variables to keep them secret before committing any code or deploying to production. Check out How to Set Environment Variables for more information.
Using the library
Here are some code samples for key library use cases.
Authenticate the client
from twilio.rest import Client # Your Account SID and Auth Token from console.twilio.com account_sid = "ACXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX" auth_token = "your_auth_token" client = Client(account_sid, auth_token)
Create a new record
from twilio.rest import Client account_sid = "ACXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX" auth_token = "your_auth_token" client = Client(account_sid, auth_token) call = client.calls.create( to="+14155551212", from_="+15017250604", url="http://demo.twilio.com/docs/voice.xml" ) print(call.sid)
Get an existing record
from twilio.rest import Client account_sid = "ACXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX" auth_token = "your_auth_token" client = Client(account_sid, auth_token) call = client.calls.get("CA42ed11f93dc08b952027ffbc406d0868") print(call.to)
Iterate through records
from twilio.rest import Client account_sid = "ACXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX" auth_token = "your_auth_token" client = Client(account_sid, auth_token) for sms in client.messages.list(): print(sms.to)
The library automatically handles paging for you. Collections, such as
stream methods that page under the hood. With both
stream, you can specify the number of records you want to receive (
limit) and the maximum size you want each page fetch to be (
page_size). The library will then handle the task for you.
list eagerly fetches all records and returns them as a list, whereas
stream returns an iterator and lazily retrieves pages of records as you iterate over the collection. You can also page manually using the
For more information about these methods, view the library docs.
Specify Region and/or Edge
To take advantage of Twilio's Global Infrastructure, specify the target Region and/or Edge for the client:
from twilio.rest import Client client = Client(region='au1', edge='sydney')
Client constructor without these parameters will also look for
TWILIO_EDGE variables inside the current environment.
Alternatively, you may specify the edge and/or region after constructing the Twilio client:
from twilio.rest import Client client = Client() client.region = 'au1' client.edge = 'sydney'
This will result in the
hostname transforming from
Enable Debug Logging
Log the API request and response data to the console:
import logging client = Client(account, token) logging.basicConfig() client.http_client.logger.setLevel(logging.INFO)
Log the API request and response data to a file:
import logging client = Client(account, token) logging.basicConfig(filename='./log.txt') client.http_client.logger.setLevel(logging.INFO)
Version 8.x of
twilio-python exports an exception class to help you handle exceptions that are specific to Twilio methods. To use it, import
TwilioRestException and catch exceptions as follows:
from twilio.rest import Client from twilio.base.exceptions import TwilioRestException account = "ACXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX" token = "YYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYY" client = Client(account, token) try: # This could potentially throw an exception! message = client.messages.create( to="+15558675309", from_="+15017250604", body="Hello there!") except TwilioRestException as err: # Implement your fallback code here print(err)
Once you’re up and running with the Python helper library, you’ll find code samples using the latest version in our REST API docs in the documentation for every Twilio product. You can also find auto-generated library docs for the latest SDK here.
Access version 7.x of the helper library
The 8.x version of the Twilio Python helper library is API-compatible with the 7.x version. Older versions such as 7.x will continue to work, but are not supported. Should you need to install a previous version, you can do so with the following command.
pip3 install twilio==7.16.5
We’d love to hear your feedback on the Twilio Python Helper Library and help you past any issues you may encounter. Feel free to drop us a line, and we’ll make sure to get you sorted!
Need some help?
We all do sometimes; code is hard. Get help now from our support team, or lean on the wisdom of the crowd by visiting Twilio's Stack Overflow Collective or browsing the Twilio tag on Stack Overflow.