Menu

Rate this page:

Thanks for rating this page!

We are always striving to improve our documentation quality, and your feedback is valuable to us. How could this documentation serve you better?

Binding Resource

The Binding resource binds an identity to the address used by a notification channel. For example, iOS push notifications use an APNS device token for their address and SMS uses a phone number. Creating a Binding allows you to send notifications by referring to an identity rather than a specific device. You can create up to 20 Bindings with the same identity in a given Service.

You can add tags to a Binding that describe related Bindings. For example, you can add a tag to the Bindings of a user's preferred devices and then refer to that tag to notify them on only their preferred devices. Read more about Sending Notifications.

Do not use Personally Identifiable Information (PII) for identity.

The systems that process this parameter assume it does not contain PII.

You should use a GUID or other pseudonymized identifier for identity instead of PII such as a person's name, home address, email or phone number. If you identify your users with PII, we recommend creating a pseudonymized identifier from their PII, for example by hashing or encrypting it, before you use it for identity.

You can read more about how we process your data in our privacy policy.

Make sure you have consent from users before storing their device's address.

It’s a good practice to obtain your end users’ consent before you send them messages and some jurisdictions might require it by law.

We recommend that you consult with your legal counsel to make sure that your communications comply with all applicable laws.

To make sure your messages reach the right people, you should make sure that they have given you their consent to send them messages and that their contact information is current.

Check out the Twilio Marketplace for Add-ons from our partners that can help you keep your database up to date.

Address for push notifications

While the address of an SMS message is the phone number, the address to use for push notifications is obtained by your client-side mobile app. Learn how to:

Binding properties

Names in C# format
Sid
sid<BS> Not PII

The unique string that we created to identify the Binding resource.

AccountSid
sid<AC> Not PII

The SID of the Account that created the Binding resource.

ServiceSid
sid<IS> Not PII

The SID of the Service the resource is associated with.

CredentialSid
sid<CR> Not PII

The SID of the Credential resource to be used to send notifications to this Binding. If present, this overrides the Credential specified in the Service resource. Applicable only to apn, fcm, and gcm type Bindings.

DateCreated
date_time<iso8601> Not PII

The date and time in GMT when the resource was created specified in RFC 2822 format.

DateUpdated
date_time<iso8601> Not PII

The date and time in GMT when the resource was last updated specified in RFC 2822 format.

NotificationProtocolVersion
string Not PII

The protocol version to use to send the notification. This defaults to the value of default_xxxx_notification_protocol_version in the Service for the protocol. The current version is "3" for apn, fcm, and gcm type Bindings. The parameter is not applicable to sms and facebook-messenger type Bindings as the data format is fixed.

Endpoint
string Not PII

Deprecated.

Identity

The identity value that uniquely identifies the resource's User within the Service. Up to 20 Bindings can be created for the same Identity in a given Service.

BindingType
string Not PII

The transport technology to use for the Binding. Can be: apn, fcm, gcm, sms, or facebook-messenger.

Address

The channel-specific address. For APNS, the device token. For FCM and GCM, the registration token. For SMS, a phone number in E.164 format. For Facebook Messenger, the Messenger ID of the user or a phone number in E.164 format.

Tags

The list of tags associated with this Binding. Tags can be used to select the Bindings to use when sending a notification. Maximum 20 tags are allowed.

Url
url Not PII

The absolute URL of the Binding resource.

Links
uri_map Not PII

The URLs of related resources.

Endpoint (DEPRECATED)

We deprecated endpoint and trust the push-channel provider (such as APNS or Firebase) to let us know when an app has changed or invalidated the device token used as the address.

The endpoint property was used to uniquely identify push notification Bindings when the app installation's address changed, such as when the device token changed in an iOS app. You can still include an Endpoint parameter when you create a Binding; however, it will be ignored.

Create a Binding resource

post
https://notify.twilio.com/v1/Services/{ServiceSid}/Bindings
Parameters
Names in None format
service_sid
Required
post sid<IS> Not PII

The SID of the Service to create the resource under.

identity
Required
post string PII MTL: 120 DAYS

The identity value that uniquely identifies the new resource's User within the Service. Up to 20 Bindings can be created for the same Identity in a given Service.

binding_type
Required
post enum:binding_type Not PII

The transport technology to use for the Binding. Can be: apn, fcm, gcm, sms, or facebook-messenger.

address
Required
post string PII MTL: 120 DAYS

The channel-specific address. For APNS, the device token. For FCM and GCM, the registration token. For SMS, a phone number in E.164 format. For Facebook Messenger, the Messenger ID of the user or a phone number in E.164 format.

tag
Optional
post string[] Not PII

A tag that can be used to select the Bindings to notify. Repeat this parameter to specify more than one tag, up to a total of 20 tags.

notification_protocol_version
Optional
post string Not PII

The protocol version to use to send the notification. This defaults to the value of default_xxxx_notification_protocol_version for the protocol in the Service. The current version is "3" for apn, fcm, and gcm type Bindings. The parameter is not applicable to sms and facebook-messenger type Bindings as the data format is fixed.

credential_sid
Optional
post sid<CR> Not PII

The SID of the Credential resource to be used to send notifications to this Binding. If present, this overrides the Credential specified in the Service resource. Applies to only apn, fcm, and gcm type Bindings.

endpoint
Optional
post string Not PII

Deprecated.

Example
        
        
        
        

        Existing Bindings with the same Address are replaced

        If the Service already has a Binding with the same Address as specified in the create request, the Binding being created replaces the existing Binding.

        The new Binding replaces the existing one under these conditions to prevent leaking notifications between users when, for example, a new user logs into your app on a device that has already been registered to another user.

        To register the same Address twice, such as when someone is a buyer and a seller at the same time in a marketplace, we recommend creating separate Service instances, such as one for buyers and one for sellers.

        Endpoint (DEPRECATED)

        We deprecated endpoint and trust the push-channel provider (such as APNS or Firebase) to let us know when an app has changed or invalidated the device token used as the address.

        The endpoint property was used to uniquely identify push notification Bindings when the app installation's address changed, such as when the device token changed in an iOS app. You can still include an Endpoint parameter when you create a Binding; however, it will be ignored.

        Read multiple Binding resources

        get
        https://notify.twilio.com/v1/Services/{ServiceSid}/Bindings
        Parameters
        Names in None format
        service_sid
        Required
        get sid<IS> Not PII

        The SID of the Service to read the resource from.

        start_date
        Optional
        get date<iso8601> Not PII

        Only include usage that has occurred on or after this date. Specify the date in GMT and format as YYYY-MM-DD.

        end_date
        Optional
        get date<iso8601> Not PII

        Only include usage that occurred on or before this date. Specify the date in GMT and format as YYYY-MM-DD.

        identity
        Optional
        get string[] PII MTL: 120 DAYS

        The User's identity value of the resources to read.

        tag
        Optional
        get string[] Not PII

        Only list Bindings that have all of the specified Tags. The following implicit tags are available: all, apn, fcm, gcm, sms, facebook-messenger. Up to 5 tags are allowed.

        Example
              
              
              
              

              Note that no more than 50 Bindings are returned at a time.

              Delete a Binding resource

              delete
              https://notify.twilio.com/v1/Services/{ServiceSid}/Bindings/{Sid}
              Parameters
              Names in None format
              service_sid
              Required
              delete sid<IS> Not PII

              The SID of the Service to delete the resource from.

              sid
              Required
              delete sid<BS> Not PII

              The Twilio-provided string that uniquely identifies the Binding resource to delete.

              Example
                    
                    
                    
                    
                    Rate this page:

                    Need some help?

                    We all do sometimes; code is hard. Get help now from our support team, or lean on the wisdom of the crowd browsing the Twilio tag on Stack Overflow.