This Java Servlets sample application demonstrates two-factor authentication (2FA) using Authy. To run this sample app yourself, download the code and follow the instructions on GitHub.
Adding two-factor authentication (2FA) to your web application increases the security of your user's data. Multi-factor authentication determines the identity of a user by validating first by logging into the app, and then through their mobile devices using Authy.
For the second factor, we will validate that the user has their mobile phone by either:
- Sending them a OneTouch push notification to their mobile Authy app or
- Sending them a one-time token in a text message sent with Authy via Twilio.
If you haven't already, now is the time to sign up for Authy. Create your first application, naming it as you wish. After you create your application, your production API key will be visible on your dashboard:
Once we have an Authy API key, we store it on this
.env file, which helps us set the environment variables for our app.
You'll also want to set a callback URL for your application in the OneTouch section of the Authy dashboard. See the project's README for more details.
Let's take a look at how we register a user with Authy.
When a new user signs up for our website, we call this controller, which handles saving our new user to the database as well as registering the user with Authy.
All Authy needs to get a user set up for your application is the email, phone number and country code. In order to do two-factor authentication, we need to make sure we ask for these things at the point of sign up.
Once we register the user with Authy we can get the user's
authy_id back. This is very important since it's how we will verify the identity of our User with Authy.
Having registered our user with Authy, we then can use Authy's OneTouch feature to log them in.
When a User attempts to log in to our website, we will ask them for a second form of identification. Let's take a look at OneTouch verification first.
OneTouch works as follows:
- We check that the user has the Authy app installed.
- In case they do, they will receive a push notification on their device.
- The user hits Approve in their Authy app.
- Authy makes a POST request to our app with an
- We log the user in.
Now let's look at how to send a OneTouch request.
When our user logs in, our app decides which two-factor authentication provider will be used. It can be Authy OneTouch or an SMS token.
Authy OneTouch will be used when the user has a registered OneTouch device.
We use the
sendApprovalRequest method to create an approval request. It takes an
ApprovalRequestParamater object with at least the following properties configured:
- The Authy user ID.
- The message that will be displayed in the device.
Here is an example about how to build the parameters object.
ApprovalRequestParams parameters = new ApprovalRequestParams.Builder( Integer.valueOf(user.getAuthyId()), "Request login to Twilio demo app") .addDetail("email", "email@example.com") .addDetail("name", "Alice") .addHiddenDetail("phoneNumber", "555-5555") .build();
Once we send the request we need to update our user's
AuthyStatus based on the response. But first we have to register a OneTouch callback endpoint.
In order for our app to know what the user did after we sent the OneTouch request, we need to register a callback endpoint with Authy.
Note: In order to verify that the request is coming from Authy, we've written the helper method
validate that will halt the request if it appears that it isn't coming from Authy.
Here in our callback, we look up the user using the Authy ID sent with the Authy POST request. Ideally at this point we would probably use a websocket to let our client know that we received a response from Authy. However for this version we're going to keep it simple and just update the
AuthyStatus on the User. What our client-side code needs to do is to check for
user.AuthyStatus == "approved" before logging him/her in.
Our application is now capable of using Authy for two-factor authentication. However, we are still missing an important part: the client-side code that will handle it.
When we expect a OneTouch response, we will begin polling
/authy/status until we see Authy status is not empty.
Let's take a closer look at how we check the login status on the server.
Finally, we can confirm the login.
AuthyStatus is approved, the user will be redirected to the account page, otherwise we'll show the login form with a message that indicates the if the request was denied or unauthorized.
That's it! We've just implemented two-factor auth using three different methods and the latest in Authy technology.
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