With Twilio Programmable Messaging, you can integrate WhatsApp messaging into your web application. Although those integrations are generally straightforward, we often get asked about how best to utilize the Programmable Messaging API specifically for WhatsApp. We’ve also found some common patterns and best practices that’ll get you sending WhatsApp messages sooner.
Below are the answers to these frequently asked questions and some of our best practices for your integration of the WhatsApp Business API with Twilio.
- What are the requirements for a business to be approved for WhatsApp?
WhatsApp requires compliance with the WhatsApp Business Solution Terms, with the WhatsApp Business Solution Policy, and with its Commerce Policy. As part of the approval process, the business and use case will be considered to make sure the usage is in line with the above guidelines.
- What is the cost of the WhatsApp service?
WhatsApp service is charged per message fees. There are two types of messages: Notification messages are charged WhatsApp and Twilio fees. Customer Care messages are charged Twilio fees. You can find more information about the cost of sending WhatsApp messages here.
- How can I manage separate access lists to Sandbox and to the live numbers on my account?
If you have the need to segment traffic and manage separate access lists, we recommend that you split the traffic between different Twilio accounts. This will allow you to have better control over each one of these use cases and will allow you to manage separate access lists for each account.
- What is the MPS (Message Segments Per Second) limit for outbound WhatsApp messages?
When using the WhatsApp Business API with Twilio, there is a limit of 25 MPS for outbound traffic.
When your application sends WhatsApp messages at a rate higher than 25 MPS, Twilio maintains a queue. This queue has a maximum limit of four hours. For example, if a business sends 100 messages in a second, the messages will queue for up to four hours. Messages will be dispatched fro, the queue at 25 MPS. When a message sits in the queue for more than four hours, it will fail. If the queue backs to the point where a new WhatsApp message will not send in time, the message is rejected.
To achieve higher MPS for your sending needs, you can use Messaging Services. This allows you to distribute high volume across many numbers within a messaging service.
- My implementation is for the European market. Is the API GDPR compliant?
Twilio is committed to GDPR compliance. We offer GDPR-ready Data Protection Contract terms. To add a suitable Data Protection Addendum, please fill our Twilio GDPR Data Protection Addendum Request.
- Why am I getting a message “your number is not associated with the sandbox channel”?
Be sure you follow the instructions in the Using Phone Numbers with WhatsApp section of the Programmable Messaging API Reference and Overview carefully. You’ll need to join a sandbox, as well as enable one of your Twilio numbers with WhatsApp.
- Why am I getting a message “Twilio could not find a Channel with the specified From address” when trying to send a message?
There are two common reasons why you are seeing this error:
Fromaddress in your Programmable Messaging API request is incorrect. To send messages using WhatsApp, the
Fromaddress should be
whatsapp:<sandbox phone number>. This can be found on the sandbox page here.
- You are trying to send a message from an account that does not have that sandbox installed. Please activate the sandbox before sending a message.
- I joined the Twilio sandbox for WhatsApp and got a “Twilio Sandbox. You are all set! The sandbox xyz can send/receive messages...” reply. Can I change the message?
This reply is part of our sandbox implementation and cannot be changed. Once you get your own number, you are free to set your own message. Just keep in mind that WhatsApp requires brands to receive customer opt-in before sending messages on WhatsApp.
- My outbound message from the sandbox was not delivered. Why?
There are two reasons why a message sent from the Twilio Sandbox for WhatsApp would fail to be delivered:
- You are trying to send a message to a user who has not joined your sandbox. Please see our instructions for getting started with the sandbox, including how users can join your sandbox.
- You are sending a free-form message outside the WhatsApp session to the user. A WhatsApp session lasts for 24 hours after the last inbound message you receive from a user. Outside a WhatsApp session, you may only send a pre-approved template message to the user (for more details read up on template messages); any message that doesn’t match a pre-approved template will be sent by Twilio as a free-form message. You can find a list of templates pre-approved for the sandbox here.
- Can I check if a user’s phone number is enabled for WhatsApp?
Every time you send a WhatsApp message, Twilio automatically checks if the number is enabled for WhatsApp and will fail the message with error code 63003 if the destination was found to be invalid. WhatsApp has strict guidelines when it comes to checking for availability. When a number is found a valid WhatsApp number, it is required to follow up with a message to prevent the account from being marked for lower quality traffic. Our implementation makes sure to protect your quality rating when using WhatsApp.
- What formatting options do I have in WhatsApp?
See our guide to rich messaging features, including formatting, in the WhatsApp Business API with Twilio.
- Can I send messages to WhatsApp groups or manage groups?
WhatsApp deprecated the Groups API in April 2020. Please refer to Twilio Conversations to find out how to reach multiple WhatsApp users at the same time.
- Does the WhatsApp Business API with Twilio support read receipts?
Currently, Twilio does not support read receipts for WhatsApp messages. It is not possible to display the read status of a message (i.e., changing the checkmark color) using the WhatsApp Business API with Twilio.
- How can I identify if a message has been forwarded?
Forwarded messages are not distinguished from other incoming messages using the WhatsApp Business API with Twilio.
- What use cases are supported by WhatsApp?
WhatsApp supports two use cases: Customer Care and Notifications. Customer Care is initiated with an inbound message. When the first message is received from the user, it opens a conversation in which the business can reply back with free-form messages. The conversation will remain open for 24 hours following the last message received from the user.
Notifications is a uni-directional messaging service designed to allow the business to send alerts and informational notifications to users. Notifications are required to use pre-approved templates. WhatsApp restricts marketing/promotional use cases and will not approve templates with promotional content.
- Can I mix Notifications and Customer Care use cases?
Yes. Each WhatsApp number supports both use cases. When a user replies to a Notification, the incoming message starts a Customer Care use case, allowing the business to send free-form messages. Notification messages can be sent during a conversation and in between conversations.
- Is it possible to port an external number outside of Twilio to use WhatsApp?
At this time, you need a Twilio number enabled for WhatsApp in order to send messages using the WhatsApp Business API with Twilio. This can be any Twilio number which has voice or SMS capabilities. In the future, we expect to be able to offer the ability to enable WhatsApp Business profile on your own, non-Twilio numbers as well. Meanwhile, for information on porting your numbers to Twilio, please see this support article.
- What account type options do I have for my business in WhatsApp? How do they appear in the app?
Information about available WhatsApp account types can be found here. You can apply for Official Business Account once your number is live and the FB Business Manager account that is linked to your WhatsApp number is set to
- What kind of phone numbers can be enabled for WhatsApp?
WhatsApp requires a phone number to be e.164 compliant and to be able to receive an OTP (one-time PIN) code via SMS or phone call (to enable the service). Most numbers sold on Twilio are supported. An exception is toll-free numbers outside of the US.
- What is the process to get a live number set for WhatsApp?
Please see our step-by-step guide to setting up and connecting a WhatsApp Business Profile to your Twilio Phone Number.
- How can I send and receive media on WhatsApp? What type of media is supported?
You can find information about how to send and receive media messages and supported media on WhatsApp here. We also have a more detailed, step-by-step tutorial for sending and receiving media on WhatsApp.
- I’m getting error code 63020 when trying to send messages on WhatsApp. What should I do?
Error 63020 indicates that you have yet to accept the invitation from Twilio to send messages on your behalf on the business. Please go to your FB Business Manager account and accept the invitation to be able to send and receive messages.
- Everything went well until I started receiving error code 63018 when I try to send messages. Why?
Error 63018 indicates that you have hit the rate limit set on your WhatsApp number. You can learn more about WhatsApp’s rate limit and how to plan your rollout around it here.