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Modify Calls In Progress With Python


In this guide we'll show you how to manipulate live phone calls using Python. We'll also cover how to retrieve information about in progress and completed calls from your Twilio account.

We'll use Twilio's Python SDK in these examples to interact with the Twilio REST API's Calls endpoint.


Modifying Twilio phone calls in progress with Python

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The simplest way to control the flow of a Twilio phone call is with TwiML itself.

You can use the "action" parameters of verbs like <Gather> and <Record> to tell Twilio to get new instructions from your applications during a call. You can also use the <Redirect> verb to explicitly tell Twilio to fetch new TwiML.

But sometimes you need to change a live phone call outside of Twilio's normal request-response cycle. For those cases you can update the Call to tell Twilio to immediately change the TwiML it's using in a phone call.

Update an in progress Call with new TwiML instructions

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Node.js
Python
C#
Java
Go
PHP
Ruby
twilio-cli
curl

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// Download the helper library from https://www.twilio.com/docs/node/install
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// Find your Account SID and Auth Token at twilio.com/console
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// and set the environment variables. See http://twil.io/secure
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const accountSid = process.env.TWILIO_ACCOUNT_SID;
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const authToken = process.env.TWILIO_AUTH_TOKEN;
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const client = require('twilio')(accountSid, authToken);
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client.calls('CAXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX')
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.update({twiml: '<Response><Say>Ahoy there</Say></Response>'})
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.then(call => console.log(call.to));

Output

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{
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"account_sid": "ACXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX",
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"answered_by": null,
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"api_version": "2010-04-01",
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"caller_name": null,
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"date_created": "Tue, 31 Aug 2010 20:36:28 +0000",
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"date_updated": "Tue, 31 Aug 2010 20:36:44 +0000",
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"direction": "inbound",
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"duration": "15",
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"end_time": "Tue, 31 Aug 2010 20:36:44 +0000",
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"forwarded_from": "+141586753093",
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"from": "+14158675308",
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"from_formatted": "(415) 867-5308",
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"group_sid": null,
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"parent_call_sid": null,
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"phone_number_sid": "PNXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX",
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"price": "-0.03000",
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"price_unit": "USD",
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"sid": "CAXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX",
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"start_time": "Tue, 31 Aug 2010 20:36:29 +0000",
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"status": "completed",
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"subresource_uris": {
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"notifications": "/2010-04-01/Accounts/ACXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX/Calls/CAXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX/Notifications.json",
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"recordings": "/2010-04-01/Accounts/ACXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX/Calls/CAXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX/Recordings.json",
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"payments": "/2010-04-01/Accounts/ACXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX/Calls/CAXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX/Payments.json",
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"events": "/2010-04-01/Accounts/ACXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX/Calls/CAXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX/Events.json",
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"siprec": "/2010-04-01/Accounts/ACXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX/Calls/CAXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX/Siprec.json",
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"streams": "/2010-04-01/Accounts/ACXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX/Calls/CAXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX/Streams.json",
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"user_defined_message_subscriptions": "/2010-04-01/Accounts/ACXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX/Calls/CAXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX/UserDefinedMessageSubscriptions.json",
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"user_defined_messages": "/2010-04-01/Accounts/ACXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX/Calls/CAXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX/UserDefinedMessages.json"
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},
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"to": "+14158675309",
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"to_formatted": "(415) 867-5309",
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"trunk_sid": null,
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"uri": "/2010-04-01/Accounts/ACXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX/Calls/CAXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX.json",
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"queue_time": "1000"
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}

In order to update the call you will need to use the CallSid. Twilio returns this when you initiate an outgoing call, and also includes the CallSid in its request to your application for an incoming call's initial TwiML.

As an alternative to updating your call with TwiML directly, you may also redirect a Call to a new URL that responds with your requested TwiML.

Redirect an in progress Call to a new URL

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Node.js
Python
C#
Java
Go
PHP
Ruby
twilio-cli
curl

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// Download the helper library from https://www.twilio.com/docs/node/install
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// Find your Account SID and Auth Token at twilio.com/console
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// and set the environment variables. See http://twil.io/secure
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const accountSid = process.env.TWILIO_ACCOUNT_SID;
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const authToken = process.env.TWILIO_AUTH_TOKEN;
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const client = require('twilio')(accountSid, authToken);
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client.calls('CAXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX')
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.update({method: 'POST', url: 'http://demo.twilio.com/docs/voice.xml'})
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.then(call => console.log(call.to));

Output

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{
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"account_sid": "ACXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX",
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"answered_by": null,
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"api_version": "2010-04-01",
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"caller_name": null,
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"date_created": "Tue, 31 Aug 2010 20:36:28 +0000",
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"date_updated": "Tue, 31 Aug 2010 20:36:44 +0000",
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"direction": "inbound",
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"duration": "15",
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"end_time": "Tue, 31 Aug 2010 20:36:44 +0000",
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"forwarded_from": "+141586753093",
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"from": "+14158675308",
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"from_formatted": "(415) 867-5308",
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"group_sid": null,
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"parent_call_sid": null,
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"phone_number_sid": "PNXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX",
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"price": "-0.03000",
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"price_unit": "USD",
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"sid": "CAXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX",
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"start_time": "Tue, 31 Aug 2010 20:36:29 +0000",
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"status": "completed",
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"subresource_uris": {
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"notifications": "/2010-04-01/Accounts/ACXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX/Calls/CAXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX/Notifications.json",
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"recordings": "/2010-04-01/Accounts/ACXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX/Calls/CAXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX/Recordings.json",
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"payments": "/2010-04-01/Accounts/ACXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX/Calls/CAXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX/Payments.json",
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"events": "/2010-04-01/Accounts/ACXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX/Calls/CAXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX/Events.json",
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"siprec": "/2010-04-01/Accounts/ACXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX/Calls/CAXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX/Siprec.json",
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"streams": "/2010-04-01/Accounts/ACXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX/Calls/CAXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX/Streams.json",
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"user_defined_message_subscriptions": "/2010-04-01/Accounts/ACXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX/Calls/CAXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX/UserDefinedMessageSubscriptions.json",
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"user_defined_messages": "/2010-04-01/Accounts/ACXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX/Calls/CAXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX/UserDefinedMessages.json"
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},
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"to": "+14158675309",
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"to_formatted": "(415) 867-5309",
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"trunk_sid": null,
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"uri": "/2010-04-01/Accounts/ACXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX/Calls/CAXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX.json",
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"queue_time": "1000"
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}

Hanging up a call in progress

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Twilio will end phone calls for you when it encounters a <Hangup> verb or when it runs out of TwiML to process. But you can also end phone calls whenever you like by passing a "completed" status to a CallSid in progress.

Terminate a Running Call

terminate-a-running-call page anchor
Node.js
Python
C#
Java
Go
PHP
Ruby
twilio-cli
curl

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// Download the helper library from https://www.twilio.com/docs/node/install
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// Find your Account SID and Auth Token at twilio.com/console
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// and set the environment variables. See http://twil.io/secure
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const accountSid = process.env.TWILIO_ACCOUNT_SID;
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const authToken = process.env.TWILIO_AUTH_TOKEN;
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const client = require('twilio')(accountSid, authToken);
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client.calls('CAXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX')
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.update({status: 'completed'})
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.then(call => console.log(call.to));

Output

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{
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"account_sid": "ACXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX",
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"answered_by": null,
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"api_version": "2010-04-01",
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"caller_name": null,
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"date_created": "Tue, 31 Aug 2010 20:36:28 +0000",
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"date_updated": "Tue, 31 Aug 2010 20:36:44 +0000",
_37
"direction": "inbound",
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"duration": "15",
_37
"end_time": "Tue, 31 Aug 2010 20:36:44 +0000",
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"forwarded_from": "+141586753093",
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"from": "+14158675308",
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"from_formatted": "(415) 867-5308",
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"group_sid": null,
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"parent_call_sid": null,
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"phone_number_sid": "PNXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX",
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"price": "-0.03000",
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"price_unit": "USD",
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"sid": "CAXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX",
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"start_time": "Tue, 31 Aug 2010 20:36:29 +0000",
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"status": "completed",
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"subresource_uris": {
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"notifications": "/2010-04-01/Accounts/ACXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX/Calls/CAXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX/Notifications.json",
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"recordings": "/2010-04-01/Accounts/ACXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX/Calls/CAXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX/Recordings.json",
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"payments": "/2010-04-01/Accounts/ACXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX/Calls/CAXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX/Payments.json",
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"events": "/2010-04-01/Accounts/ACXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX/Calls/CAXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX/Events.json",
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"siprec": "/2010-04-01/Accounts/ACXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX/Calls/CAXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX/Siprec.json",
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"streams": "/2010-04-01/Accounts/ACXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX/Calls/CAXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX/Streams.json",
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"user_defined_message_subscriptions": "/2010-04-01/Accounts/ACXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX/Calls/CAXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX/UserDefinedMessageSubscriptions.json",
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"user_defined_messages": "/2010-04-01/Accounts/ACXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX/Calls/CAXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX/UserDefinedMessages.json"
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},
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"to": "+14158675309",
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"to_formatted": "(415) 867-5309",
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"trunk_sid": null,
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"uri": "/2010-04-01/Accounts/ACXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX/Calls/CAXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX.json",
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"queue_time": "1000"
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}

Check out Modifying Live Calls in the reference docs for more details.


Check out our tutorials to see full implementations of Twilio Voice in Python with Flask and Django.


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