The Programmable Voice Calls REST API now accepts TwiML when updating in progress calls. Prior to this change, you were required to provide an absolute Url that Twilio would use to return TwiML from your application. This change allows you to provide TwiML instructions when modifying in progress calls thus simplifying your application. For more details on modifying live calls checkout Modify Calls In Progress.
We have updated the Programmable Voice Conference REST APIs to improve performance and resolve some minor issues. There were some corner cases where the behavior of the Conference REST APIs was either not clear or not working as expected. We have fixed these issues and clarified the expected behavior here.
Getting help while editing a Studio Flow just got easier with the release of the embedded help system. Now you can open help pages and search the docs without leaving the editing canvas.
Click any of the help icons throughout the canvas to load the Studio docs in the help window. The help window can be moved anywhere on the canvas that you find convenient or minimized to stay out of your way while you work.
Open a Flow and click the help icon to try it out in Studio.
The Flex Plugin Builder v3 is now Generally Available. This release enables you to build and deploy your plugins directly from the command line interface by leveraging the Functions & Assets API. This allows you to integrate your plugin development within a CI/CD pipeline.
You must update existing plugin repositories to take advantage of the new deployment options. These details can be found within our migration guide.
This release of Flex UI and WebChat UI bring a number of usability improvements and new features to Flex Messaging:
- Browser Notifications: Flex now sends a browser notification when the Flex window is not in focus and the agent is assigned a new task or receives a new message.
- Markdown: Added support for markdown markup language for WebChat.
- Web Chat Customer Presence: Indicator for WebChat indicating whether the customer is still online.
- Typing Indicator in Task List: Added typing indicators in the Task List specific for WebChat.
Other notable changes in this release include:
- Improved Notifications API with browser notifications and actions support
- Support for double-byte characters (Chinese, Japanese, Korean) for WebChat message input
You can now get data about whether a user has enabled an unlock method to open their Authy app, when it was last unlocked, and the method used. This allows you to use the app unlock as an additional authentication factor for PSD2 SCA compliance and account takeover prevention.
This data is available in the User Status endpoint.
You can now search and add logos to your authenticator accounts, so it’s easier than ever to find them. Available in the Beta version.
Twilio <Pay> now supports securely capturing and transmitting ACH payments on Twilio’s PCI-compliant Voice platform. Businesses can now allow their customers to make payments using consumer checking, consumer saving, or commercial checking accounts by providing their bank’s account number and routing number. ACH payment support, along with existing support for credit card payments, enables businesses to offer customers their preferred method for secure payment over the phone.
Twilio SendGrid now has a default rate limit of 600 requests/minute/user on some of the V2 API endpoints, excluding the mail/send endpoint. If you exceed that rate limit you will receive a 429 error response with a “too many requests” message. We recommend updating your processes to ensure you do not exceed our default rate limit of 600 requests/min/user. We also recommend building in the consumption of the rate limit headers we send back, which gives specific information about how many requests you have remaining and when the rate limit amount will reset. For more information, see the Knowledge Center.
Developers can now select the geolocation of the Twilio infrastructure that serves their Video Rooms. In addition, developers can use a new GLL (Global Low Latency) option. When selected, Twilio automatically chooses the closest region to minimize the latency of participants connecting to the room.
By default, GLL is deactivated. To implement this feature for your application, you need to use the SDK API, the Rooms REST API or the Twilio Video Console to specify a different region as explained in our docs.
The Network Bandwidth Profile API is a new API designed for optimizing quality in Group Rooms. It enables developers to specify how much bandwidth should be allocated to each video track as a function of the track priority. For example, it can be used to prioritize a screen share or the dominant speaker video track over the rest. The API also allows control of the total consumed bandwidth by enforcing limits to the maximum subscribed bitrate and to the maximum number of visible subscribed video tracks. In addition, it automatically enforces a mechanism that switches-off the less relevant tracks to protect audio and high-priority video tracks quality in case of network congestion.
By default, the Network Bandwidth Profile API is deactivated. To take advantage of this new feature, you will need to set a Network Bandwidth Profile.
The Track Subscriptions API is a new REST API available for Group Rooms. It allows developers to define which participants are subscribed to which tracks. Currently Group Rooms use a "subscribe-to-all" model meaning that participants are subscribed automatically to all the tracks published to the Room. With this new API, developers can now set, in a dynamic and configurable way, the desired communication topology: one-to-many (e.g. presentations where only one participant publishes and the rest only receive), some-to-many (e.g. collaborative presentations where some participants talk and the talk is published to the rest), whisperers (e.g. participants that can listen/view to all but can only be listened/viewed by some), and more.
By default, the Track Subscription API is deactivated. To implement this functionality for your applications, you will need to use the API to set subscribe rules.
Twilio Video Group Rooms now support FEC (Forward Error Correction) for video tracks. With this feature, video traffic received by Twilio Video Media Servers is now protected with redundancy. This means moderate packet loss in the network can be recovered without degrading the video quality. FEC will improve video quality for participants experiencing high-latency and lossy network links. FEC is activated automatically when required, no application updates are needed to use this feature.
The Network Quality API provides you a network quality measure that can be used to indicate the current network quality to your users. As network conditions vary, showing this information helps you provide a more intuitive user interface.
This release is available here: [bintray]
Our real-time Email Validation API helps protect your sending reputation by validating email addresses before you send to them. Use detailed results from our machine learning-powered, mailbox provider-friendly API to alert website visitors of possible typos while they’re still in the signup form and protect your sending reputation by decreasing the risk of your email bouncing. Available to Pro and Premier Email API plans. Learn more about this announcement, how to use it, and the pricing.
Twilio Voice Recordings now supports Bulk Deletion in the Twilio Console. This capability provides customers a much simpler way to delete large sets of Voice Recordings instead of deleting them one-by-one. For more details on managing Voice Recordings and the new Bulk Deletion capabilities, check out our support article.
Twilio Debugger in Console has been enhanced to now show more errors and warnings that may have occurred in your Twilio application. Previously, the Debugger only displayed the 50 most recent items, making it difficult to track down problems that occurred in the past. With this change, you and your development team can more easily debug older items, track historical trends, and find regressions from previous weeks.
This is available to all customers today by visiting the Debugger in the Twilio Console.
To accommodate growth in traffic, we have expanded our Media IP address ranges in our AU1, BR1, DE1, JP1, and SG1 data centers for the following products:
- Elastic SIP Trunking
- Programmable Voice SIP Interfaces
- Programmable Voice Mobile SDKs
- Twilio Client JS SDK
If you currently whitelist any of our Media IP addresses in your IP communications infrastructure, you MUST add the new IP address ranges to your whitelist.
For a complete list of IP address ranges to whitelist in your IP communications customer infrastructure, please see:
Twilio Monitor API, our API for programmatically accessing errors and warnings from the Twilio Debugger, now supports alerts from 7 more products. This makes it easier to gain more insights into how your Twilio applications are performing and how to resolve issues quickly. The additional Twilio products that now have alerts published to Monitor API include Autopilot, Fax, Flex, Functions, Programmable Video, Proxy, and Studio. These additional errors and warnings appear automatically in the Console Debugger, Monitor API, Debugger webhooks, and Alert Triggers.
We have updated all Flex projects that use Automatic Updates to Flex UI 1.13.
This Flex UI release introduces new notifications for call transfer failures, minor fixes to how we handle custom chat tasks, and UI performance improvements.
For a full changelog, visit the Flex UI release notes.
Reminder: You can pin to individual versions of the Flex UI or manage your Automatic Updates within the Flex Admin UI.
You can now configure Flex Flows message handling within the Twilio Console with two new behaviors:
- Direct to TaskRouter
- External Webhook
You can use these behaviors to setup outbound messaging use cases or to handle your messages outside of Studio. Learn more about managing your messaging configuration in our Flex Messaging Developer Guides.
Strong Customer Authentication (SCA), a new rule that came into effect on September 14, 2019, as part of PSD2 regulation in Europe, requires changes to how European businesses authenticate online payments. You can read more here: https://stripe.com/docs/strong-customer-authentication
As a result of this directive, we have made a change to tag all payments captured using <Pay> with Stripe or CardConnect connector as MOTO (Mail Order/Telephone Order) payments, MOTO payments are exempt from PSD2 regulation. This change does not affect how Twilio <Pay> is used or the responses it generates upon successful payment. Moreover, this change does not apply when Twilio <Pay> is used to tokenize payment card information.
This release includes the following:
- Two new screenpop methods: Pass either specific SFDC URLs or SFDC Object Ids as custom task attributes to dictate the ScreenPop behaviour in your Engagement flows.
- Configurable interaction logging: You can now choose to configure your automated interaction logging - select which interactions ( task start, task complete, task switch) to log, or turn them all off completely.
- Phone Number and Taskrouter SIDs validation: Configuration screens for Flex Salesforce Integration in the Flex Admin panel now have validations for Phone Number, Workflow SID and Task Channel SID, so you'll see a warning if you make a configuration error.
Apple iOS 13 includes “Sign in with Apple” Oauth feature which provides an optional private relay email for users and sender authentication requirements for Apple app developers. In order to send email to Apple Oauth private relay email addresses (@privaterelay.appleid.com), you will need to update your Domain Authentication settings within your SendGrid account. Failure to properly complete and register your SendGrid Domain Authentication with Apple will result in email sent to “privaterelay.appleid.com” returning a bounce event with the reason “550 5.1.1 bad mailbox name.” Visit this blog post for step-by-step instructions.
Voice iOS SDK 5.0 adds support to the new VoIP push notification requirements introduced in iOS 13 & Xcode 11. If you build your App with Xcode 11, you must upgrade to this version to avoid incoming call disruption to your iOS 13 users.
You can find our easy to follow migration guide here.
For more information about the new VoIP push notification policy and affected SDK versions, please refer to this advisory.
Do you remember a time, when you called customer service for assistance. You reached Agent A from department 1 who collects your call related information like name, account number, phone number, and so on. Then realizes that they have to transfer the call to agent B in department 2. Now agent B asks you to provide the same information before they could help. This experience is painful and without having the context of the call it takes longer than expected to solve the issues. With User-to-User Information (UUI) header, you as a customer will only need to provide the information once! With this new feature, agents will be able to send and receive contextual information of the call over SIP-Interface using UUI header.
UUI header can be used in other SIP call scenarios such as
We have increased the timeout for Twilio Functions from 5 seconds to 10 seconds. This allows more processing time for complex use cases. In order to have this change take affect on an existing Function, it must be redeployed. This change affects Functions deployed via the UI or API. For more information about Twilio Functions, check the Runtime documentation.
The Make Outgoing Call widget has been updated to include full support for Answering Machine Detection and advanced call recording options. Simply re-add the widget to an existing Flow to pick up the new features.
To learn more, visit the documentation on the Make Outgoing Call widget, or try it out in Studio.
We now provide an Authy app user’s multi-device toggle status in the Authy API. This data is a useful account-takeover risk signal for Authy customers.
With this release, you are able to set the bitrate your Voice Client JS application should use. This allows you to better plan and estimate your bandwidth requirements.
Click here for more information about the Max average bitrate API.
Effective September 10, for new phone numbers provisioned through the existing Phone Number Provisioning API, address requirements will be enforced via the API, provided through an AddressSid. This means you will be required to provide addresses for newly provisioned regulated phone numbers. API calls to provisioned phone numbers that do not submit a valid address will fail with error code 21631. Only API calls provisioning numbers outside the US and Canada that fail to send an address are affected.
Every account with subaccounts will now have the option to get notified about subaccount level errors/warnings through a single webhook endpoint. It means that if you choose the option to Include errors and warnings from my subaccounts, Twilio will post new errors and warnings from your subaccounts to the debugger webhook endpoint you configure on the debugger Settings page.
All Flex projects now have access to the Voice Insights advanced features:
- Time-series views of metrics
- Event Streams
- Programmatic access to call summaries
These features are enabled for all Flex projects and included in Flex Active User Hour and Named User paid plans.
We have updated all Flex projects that use Automatic Updates to Flex UI 1.12.
This Flex UI release introduced the AudioPlayerManager API, a dialpad for sending DTMF tones during an active call, and performance improvements to the Teams View. For a full changelog, visit the Flex UI release notes.
Reminder: You can pin to individual versions of the Flex UI or manage your Automatic Updates within the Flex Admin UI.
This release of Flex UI introduces minor fixes to how we handle custom chat tasks, new notifications for call transfers failures and UI performance improvements.
For a full changelog, visit the Flex UI release notes
The Differentiated Services Code Point (DSCP) Tagging API allows you to mark the audio packets with Expedited Forwarding (EF) and video packets with Assured Forwarding (AF) for the purposes of prioritised packet routing. When enabled, supporting networks will prioritize audio and video packet delivery for improved audio and video quality. Note, only Chrome supports DSCP tagging.
This release is available here: [GitHub Twilio-video.js]
The TwiML Redirect Studio widget allows you to redirect control of a voice or messaging execution away from Studio to execute custom TWiML and then return back to the flow. This allows you to extend Studio further with your own custom code.
To learn more, visit the documentation on the TwiML redirect widget, or try it out in Studio.
We have updated the characters that can be included in the credentials for webhook authentication. Starting today, characters will be limited to those that are included on this list. Please ensure your webhook credentials (username + password) adhere to this updated list to continue uninterrupted access to our webhook.
In order to keep you in carrier compliance and ensure fair service across all customers, we now have rate limits in place for MMS service. While you can still send messages to Twilio at a rapid rate, the delivery rate for each account is now capped at 25 messages per second (MPS) and for each Twilio long code at 1 MPS.
Flex admins and supervisors can now monitor live messaging conversations while managing their agents. The Flex Teams View provides a real-time transcript for any of Flex's messaging channels, like SMS, WhatsApp, or Facebook Messenger.
Learn more about supervisor capabilities and Teams View programmability in our Monitoring Agent Activity guide.
Twilio Video Compositions now supports Bulk Deletion in the Twilio Console. This capability provides customers a much simpler way to delete large sets of Video Compositions compared to the previous process of individual Video Composition deletions.
Twilio's Programmable Voice platform for HTTP callbacks (webhooks) has been enhanced to allow you to easily override our default connection settings on a per request basis, giving you simple and flexible control of callbacks to your server/applications.
Twilio uses HTTP callbacks (webhooks) to let your application know when events happen, such as receiving an incoming phone call. When the event occurs, Twilio makes an HTTP request (usually a POST or a GET) to the URL you configured for the webhook. Twilio has implemented the override as a URL extension in the form of "fragments" that can be added to the standard HTTP webhook URL on a per request basis.
The Connection Override parameters allow you to specify:
- Longer timeouts to better support intermittent network issues between Twilio and your server/application.
- Shorter timeouts to speed up failover (to fallback URL) in the case of an outage on your server/application.
- HTTP callback connection retries on failures/timeouts.
- The egress Twilio Edge Location for your HTTP callback
- The total timeout limit for all of the retries to complete your request.
- The use of Server Name Indication (SNI), if your server/application requires SNI to ensure a proper TLS handshake for all attempts.
For details please refer to our user documentation.
Twilio Video Recordings, previously in Public Beta, is now Generally Available. Video Recordings allows you to flexibly record any of your Twilio Video Group Room interactions, with separate recording files for each audio and video track of all Room participants. Our API and pricing has not changed with the GA release.
As part of the GA release, we are introducing Video Recordings bulk deletion capabilities in the Twilio Console. This allows you to delete a large set of Video Recordings at once instead of deleting them one-by-one.
Flex now includes an experimental dialpad, enabling your contact center agents to make outbound calls to customers, add internal employees or external numbers to a call, and send DTMF tones to connected calls. Enable the feature under the Experimental Features section in the Flex Admin UI.
Learn more about the Dialpad and Experimental Features within our End User Guide.
Advanced Opt-Out gives customers granular control over the end-to-end compliance experience for their customers and users. Customers can now customize opt-in, opt-out, help keywords, and confirmation messages on a global basis with per-country or per-language overrides all within the console.
Outbound Programmable Fax is now Generally Available. Customers can build production applications to send faxes at scale using a simple and reliable REST API. Inbound Programmable Fax (receiving faxes) will remain a beta product. Learn more here.
Voice JS 1.8 GA
Media reconnection states and events: With this API, auto reconnect is attempted if a network disruption occurs.
New Region:de1-ix is now available in the list of regions
New Error Object: Errors emitted through Device.on(‘error’) and Connection.on(‘error’) now contain a new twilioError parameter which provides more details about the error.
For more information click [here]
The Differentiated Services Code Point (DSCP) Tagging API allows you to mark the audio packets with Expedited Forwarding (EF) for the purposes of improved packet routing. This behavior is enabled by default. When enabled, supporting networks will prioritize audio packet delivery for improved audio quality.
This release is available here: [Bintray]
The Differentiated Services Code Point (DSCP) Tagging API allows you to mark the audio packets with Expedited Forwarding (EF) for the purposes of prioritised packet routing. This behavior is enabled by default. When enabled, supporting networks will prioritize audio packet delivery for improved audio quality.
This Flex UI release adds the AudioPlayerManager API, which makes it easier to add sound playback. For example, you can use the AudioPlayerManager API to add audio notifications to events that you don’t want your agents to miss.
Other notable changes in this release include:
- Support for setting chat orchestrations per task
- Ability to send DTMF tones in the call
- Ability to add/replace/remove action buttons in the IncomingTaskCanvas component
- Team View performance improvements
For a full changelog, visit the Flex UI release notes.
For our international customers, we will support billing in the following local currencies: GBP and JPY. When new accounts are created on www.twilio.com by customers from UK and Japan, based on the phone number provided for user verification, the country code of that phone number will be utilized to assign a local billing currency as opposed to US Dollar. This will allow you to see your Twilio usage in your local currency and also make payments in your local currency.
The new Call Recording Studio widget allows you to toggle the recording of voice calls handled by Studio. The widget exposes all of the functionality of Programmable Voice's call recording, including recording channel management, status callbacks, and trim control via our drag-and-drop interface.
To learn more, visit the documentation on the Call Recording widget, or try it out in Studio.
To protect you against account compromise, we integrated with GitHub Token Scanning to send you an email security alert if we detect that your Account SID and Auth Token have been committed to a public repository on GitHub. With fraudsters and hackers scanning the internet for API keys, it is important to store your Twilio credentials securely and mitigate unauthorized access to your account.
To learn more about this feature, please check out the blog post.
Twilio Interconnect has been expanded with a new Interconnect Exchange Installation in Frankfurt, Germany.
The new exchange provides customers with connectivity via cross connect, VPN, Bring-Your-Own-MPLS, and the Equinix Cloud Exchange with initial product support for Elastic SIP Trunking, SIP Interface and Voice WebRTC.
Twilio now has two Interconnect Exchanges in Europe, one in Frankfurt and one in London. This allows European customers to set up redundant interconnects from their networks to Twilio adding an additional layer or resiliency while benefiting from the security and consistency of a dedicated interconnect.
You can now retrieve the custom parameters set in your TwiML application from TVOCancelledCallInvite. With this addition, you can for example, display a missed call notification with the caller’s display name retrieved from the TVOCancelledCallInvite custom parameters.
For more information, refer to the API docs
The Flex Plugin Builder v3 is now in Beta. This release enables you to build and deploy your plugins directly from the CLI by leveraging the Functions & Assets API. You can integrate the release of your hosted Flex plugins within a CI/CD pipeline.
To opt into the newest version, check our upgrade guide for using the Plugin Builder.
To help you manage two-way communication with your customers, today we released a new API called Twilio Conversations. Using Conversations, it's easy and quick to build cross-channel messaging applications: SMS to WhatsApp, SMS to Chat, or any other combination. Twilio even exchanges Media for you automatically — no need for webhooks!
Conversations is open to anyone with a Twilio Account. Head over to the documentation to learn more and give it a try.
Voice Insights is now Generally Available. Voice Insights provides powerful data aggregation tools and detailed summaries to help understand call behavior in Twilio Console. The Insights Dashboard enables you to troubleshoot with precision, identify emerging issues, and understand call behavior trends. The call summary exposes call properties such as the carriers of the caller and callee, the SIP response, and whether or not quality impacting transport degradation was detected. These features are now included with every voice minute placed on the Twilio platform. Learn about Voice Insights by checking out our docs.
Additional advanced features are available in Console for $0.0025 per minute. Metrics provide time-series representation of call data and Events list call progress and Voice SDK state changes. You can enable Voice Insights advanced features here.
Please note - we will continue to maintain the preview API for Client call data until March 1, 2020. At that time we will cease responding to requests to any of the preview endpoints.
The new Media Streams API gives you access to the raw audio stream of your Programmable Voice calls by forking the audio stream in real-time and sending it to a destination of your choosing using websockets. Media Streams can be used for use cases such as real-time transcriptions, sentiment analysis, voice authentication, and more by sending the forked audio stream to your own application or a third-party service such as Google Cloud Speech-to-Text, Amazon Lex, or Gridspace Sift.
Autopilot is now Generally Available. Autopilot lets you build, train and deploy AI-powered bots on any communications channel that can interface seamlessly with contact center platforms like Twilio Flex.
The following features are now available in the GA release: pre-built bot templates, speech recognition optimization, new training interface in Console, event webhooks, Simulator to test and troubleshoot your bots, and Custom Channel to let you build bots on custom-built or 3rd-party chat platforms. Learn more here.
Using the new Zendesk CTI Flex integration, teams using Zendesk as their ticketing system can now interact with their customers across multiple communication channels and focus on solving customer issues instead of administering their account, by letting Flex take care of the ticket housekeeping, right from within the Zendesk UI.
This integration is Generally Available starting today and supports the following: search and screenpop, interaction logging, context switching, chat transcription, voice recording, and click to dial (beta).
You can add Flex to your Zendesk Support Domain by following the documentation here.
Email Validation API Beta
Our real-time Email Validation API helps protect your sending reputation by validating email addresses before you send to them. Use detailed results from our machine learning-powered, mailbox provider-friendly API to alert subscribers of possible typos while they’re still in the signup form and protect your sending reputation by decreasing the risk of your email bouncing. Currently available for free to Pro and Premier Email API plans while in Beta. Learn more about this announcement, how to use it, and the future pricing.
Our new serverless REST API makes it easy to deploy code to Twilio Functions, our serverless code execution environment, and Twilio Assets, our static file hosting service. This new API allows code written in NodeJS and static asset files to be created locally and deployed to the Twilio Serverless environment. The REST API can be used directly with the Twilio helper libraries, or via the Twilio CLI and the Twilio Serverless Toolkit.
Existing Functions and Assets are incompatible with the new API, but they will remain accessible via the web Console as they are today.
To find out more and get started with the new API, visit the new Runtime section of the Twilio docs.
The Twilio Command Line Interface (CLI) is a new open-source tool to unleash all the power of Twilio from the command line. All of Twilio's REST APIs are supported. The CLI makes it easy to do common tasks like purchase and manage phone numbers, view your SMS and call logs, view Debugger logs, and much more. Visit the docs here to get started.
The Dominant Speaker Detection API sends events to your application every time the dominant speaker changes. You can use those events to improve the end user's experience by, for example, highlighting which participant is talking.
The Dominant Speaker Detection API is only available for Group Rooms. To enable dominant speaker detection, set the ConnectOptions.dominantSpeakerEnabled property to true. Use Room.getDominantSpeaker() to determine the current dominant speaker. Implement Room.Listener.onDominantSpeakerChanged() method to receive callbacks when the dominant speaker changes.
This release is available here
You can now retrieve the custom parameters set in your TwiML application from CancelledCallInvite. With this addition, you can for example, display a missed call notification with the caller’s display name retrieved from the CancelledCallInvite custom parameters.
For more information, refer to the API docs
This release is available here
Twilio has shipped new Reseller Tools in Admin Center that will allow partners to provision customers. Customers provisioned via this tool will be linked together in a single invoice for a partner to manage. This capability is only available for partners with Reseller Tools enabled.
A new section in Console billing pages provide partners with up to the minute usage charges broken down on a per customer basis. These pages also show partners their usage costs as well as the cost for end customers. This capability is only available for partners with Reseller Tools enabled.
We have launched a new design for Twilio invoices starting June 2019. The new design is based on customer feedback and uses modern design principles and engineering solutions to provide an easy to understand invoice.
The design simplifies the ordering of information to provide the most important information upfront and connecting the dots for confusing concepts. Power users can continue to use the CSV supplement to invoices or the details section in the PDF.
Don't yet see this design on your invoice? We are rolling out the design in phases to customers and are iteratively launching sections of the new design between June and Dec 2019.
Curious to understand your new invoice? Check this article.
Starting July 1st, 2019, we have begun collecting Value-Added Tax (VAT) on the services sold to our customers in 32 countries in Europe. Nonresident entities, such as Twilio Inc. are now required by European taxing authorities to collect Value-Added Tax (VAT) on its sales of its services to customers located in the listed countries.
Twilio is only required to impose VAT on Business to Customer (B2C) transactions. Business to Business (B2B) customers are tax exempt, and will be treated as such when a valid VAT number is entered via the Billing Preferences page on console.
VAT for the previous month is assessed on the first day of the following month. For example, you will be charged VAT for your July usage in August. You can see the VAT amount charged in your invoice.