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Call Tracking with PHP and Laravel

Download the Code

This Laravel web application shows how you can use Twilio to track the effectiveness of different marketing channels.

This application has three main features:

  • It purchases phone numbers from Twilio to use in different marketing campaigns (like a billboard or a bus advertisement)
  • It forwards incoming calls for those phone numbers to a salesperson
  • It displays charts showing data about the phone numbers and the calls they receive

In this tutorial, we'll point out the key bits of code that make this application work. Check out the project README on GitHub to see how to run the code yourself.

Check out how Whatclinic.com used Twilio to build a call tracking platform for healthcare providers.

Let's get started!

Search for available phone numbers

Call tracking requires us to search for and buy phone numbers on demand, associating a specific phone number with a lead source. We make a server-side request (possibly with a filter area code) asking Twilio for available phone numbers using the Twilio PHP helper library.

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      app/Http/Controllers/AvailableNumberController.php

      Search Phone Numbers

      app/Http/Controllers/AvailableNumberController.php

      Now let's see how we will display these numbers for the user to purchase them and enable their campaigns.

      Display available phone numbers

      Display available phone numbers

      When the user searches for a phone number to use for call tracking, we display a list of phone numbers that are available for purchase through the Twilio API. For each number, we create a form that, when submitted, will purchase that number through the Twilio API.

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          resources/views/available_numbers/index.blade.php

          Available Phone Numbers List Template

          resources/views/available_numbers/index.blade.php

          We've seen how we can display available phone numbers for purchase with the help of the Twilio PHP helper library. Now let's look at how we can buy an available phone number.

          How we buy a phone number

          Buy a phone number

          Once the user has selected a phone number to purchase, we complete the transaction using the Twilio API. When we buy the number, we specify that it should look up caller ID info on every call, and that it should use a TwiML Application we created to handle incoming calls.

          When a phone number is purchased, we associate it with a LeadSource model, which the user can edit after a redirect.

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              app/Http/Controllers/LeadSourceController.php

              Purchase Phone Number

              app/Http/Controllers/LeadSourceController.php

              If you don't know where you can get this application SID, don't panic, the next step will show you how.

              See where we get that application SID

              Set webhook URLs in a TwiML Application

              When we purchase a phone number, we specify a voice application SID. This is an identifier for a TwiML application, which you can create through the REST API or your Twilio Console.

              Create TwiML App

              Learn how to associate a phone number

              Associate a phone number with a lead source

              Once we have bought a number, we display a form so the user can add a forwarding number and a description for this number. From now on, any call to this number will be attributed to this source. All phone numbers should be in E.164 format.

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                  app/Http/Controllers/LeadSourceController.php

                  Create Lead Source

                  app/Http/Controllers/LeadSourceController.php

                  So far our method for creating a Lead Source and associating a Twilio phone number with it is pretty straightforward. Now let's have a closer look at our Lead Source model which will store this information.

                  How we define the lead source model

                  The LeadSource model

                  This is the model that contains the information provided in the form from the previous step. The LeadSource model associates a Twilio number to a named lead source (like "Wall Street Journal Ad" or "Dancing guy with sign"). It also tracks a phone number to which we'd like all the calls redirected, like your sales or support help line. It also provides a convenience method to find leads associated with this lead source.

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                      app/LeadSource.php

                      Lead Source Model

                      app/LeadSource.php

                      As the application will be collecting leads and associating them to each LeadSource or campaign, it is necessary to have a Lead model as well to keep track of each Lead as it comes in and associate it to the LeadSource.

                      Let's see what the Lead model looks like

                      The Lead model

                      A Lead represents a phone call generated by a LeadSource. Each time somebody calls a phone number associated with a LeadSource, we'll use the Lead model to record some of the data Twilio gives us about their call.

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                          app/Lead.php

                          Lead Model

                          app/Lead.php

                          The backend part of the code which creates a LeadSource as well as a Twilio Number is complete. The next part of the application will be the webhooks that will handle incoming calls and forward them to the appropriate sales team member. Let's us see the way these webhooks are built.

                          Learn how to forward calls

                          Forward calls and create leads

                          Whenever a customer calls one of our Twilio numbers, Twilio will send a POST request to the URL associated with this view function (should be /lead).

                          We use the incoming call data to create a new Lead for a LeadSource, then return TwiML that connects our caller with the forwarding_number of our LeadSource.

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                              app/Http/Controllers/LeadController.php

                              Call Forwarding

                              app/Http/Controllers/LeadController.php

                              Once we have forwarded calls and created leads, we will have a lot of incoming calls that will create leads, and that will be data for us but we need to transform that data into information in order to get benefits from it. So, let's see how we get statistics from these sources on the next step.

                              See how to get statistics from lead sources

                              Get statistics about our lead sources

                              One useful statistic we can get from our data is how many calls each LeadSource has received. We might also want to know the cities the leads are coming from. For this we define two Eloquent queries that return these bits of data.

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                                  app/Lead.php

                                  Leads By Source Stats

                                  app/Lead.php

                                  Up until this point, we have been focusing on the backend code to our application. Which is ready to start handling incoming calls or leads. Next, let's turn our attention to the client side. Which, in this case, is a simple Javascript application, along with Chart.js which will render these stats in an appropriate way.

                                  How we draw the statistics with chart.js

                                  Visualize our statistics with Chart.js

                                  Back on the home page, we fetch call tracking statistics in JSON from the server using jQuery. We display the stats in colorful pie charts we create with Chart.js.

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                                      public/js/pieCharts.js

                                      Pie Chart from Stats

                                      public/js/pieCharts.js

                                      That's it! Our Laravel application is now ready to purchase new phone numbers, forward incoming calls, and record some statistics for our business.

                                      Where to next?

                                      Where to next?

                                      If you're a PHP developer working with Twilio, you might also enjoy these tutorials:

                                      Click-To-Call (Laravel)

                                      Put a button on your web page that connects visitors to live support or sales people via telephone.

                                      Appointment Reminders (Laravel)

                                      Send your customers automatic reminders ahead of appoiments using Twilio SMS.

                                      Did this help?

                                      Thanks for checking this tutorial out! If you have any feedback to share with us please contact us on Twitter, we'd love to hear it.

                                      Mario Celi Jose Oliveros Agustin Camino Andrew Baker David Prothero Kat King

                                      Need some help?

                                      We all do sometimes; code is hard. Get help now from our support team, or lean on the wisdom of the crowd browsing the Twilio tag on Stack Overflow.

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